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The heart of the Action Plan was the elimination of all nuclear weapons, in three stages by and it emphasized nuclear disarmament that is global, universal and non-discriminatory in nature. The essential features of this Action Plan were:- First, there should be a binding commitment by all nations to eliminating nuclear weapons in stages, by the year at the latest. Second, all nuclear weapon States must participate in the process of nuclear disarmament. All other countries must also be part of the process.
Third, to demonstrate good faith and build the required confidence, there must be tangible progress at each stage towards the common goal. Fourth, changes are required in doctrines, policies and institutions to sustain a world free of nuclear weapons. Negotiations should be undertaken to establish a Comprehensive Global Security System under the aegis of the United Nations. India was compelled by considerations of national security to establish and adopt a policy of keeping its nuclear option open while it continued to work for global nuclear disarmament.
After demonstrating nuclear capability in , India exercised an unparalleled restraint in not weaponising its nuclear capability. It is relevant to recall, that during this period, when India voluntarily and totally desisted from testing, over 35, nuclear weapons were developed through a series of tests by states possessing nuclear weapons. India was obliged to stand apart on the CTBT in after having been actively engaged in the negotiations for two and a half years precisely because the issues of non-proliferation, global disarmament and India's concerns about its security and strategic autonomy were ignored.
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India has also consistently supported a higher profile and a more central role for the UN in consideration of developmental issues. India remains committed to seeking equity, policy space and real voice and participation for developing countries in multilateral bodies dealing with economy, finance and trade. Specifically, India has emphasized the need for enhanced flows of official development assistance ODA to developing countries--in particular, raising ODA from developed countries to 0.
India stands fully committed to the attainment of the MDGs, both nationally and globally. India has exercised leadership on these issues in fora such as Non-Aligned Movement and the G to ensure that the eradication of poverty remains a priority issue in the UN. India has been a major partner of the UN specialized agencies and funds and programmes on development issues and has been one of the bigger contributors to their core funding from developing countries. India has played an active role in support of the special needs of the Least Developed Countries LDCs ever since the group was formed in India looks forward to an ambitious outcome to the Third International Conference on SIDS in Samoa in which should galvanize political will and redouble international efforts to enhance international support to SIDS.
India is a traditional supporter of Africa. It has a strong development partnership with African countries that has been nurtured by historical ties and bonds of South-South Cooperation. Sustainable Development India is committed to the promotion and pursuit of sustainable development, with balanced emphasis on the economic, social and environmental pillars. The Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, was the only foreign Head of State or Government to participate in the United Nations Conference on Human Environment held in Stockholm in June , at a time when international concern over environmental issues was yet to fully crystallize.
India has consistently played an important role in the evolution of an international consensus to tackle major global environmental issues. It was an active participant in the process leading up to and culminating in the convening of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in June and the Earth Summit held in Johannesburg in The conference renewed the focus on sustainable development, building upon past commitments and reaffirming the fundamental Rio principles, in particular the principle of common but differentiated responsibility.
Rio Earth Summit in It made a strong call to pursue global growth and development with equity and recognized poverty eradication to be the greatest global challenge in advancing sustainable development. Prime Minister said that the current consumption patterns in the industrialized world are unsustainable and called for new pathways for sustainable living.
He stressed that at the global level, our approach to the environmental sustainability should be guided by equitable burden sharing. For developing countries like India, the issue of climate change goes beyond environmental sustainability and directly impacts their overriding priorities of development and poverty eradication. For a country like India, with one of the smallest carbon foot-prints in the world, the first and overriding priority is to pursue economic development, to alleviate poverty and to address its severe energy deficit. Despite its huge developmental challenges, India remains fully committed to contributing to the global action on climate change through ambitious domestic actions.
India has declared its commitment to keep its per capita emissions below the average per capita emissions of developed countries. India has welcomed the outcome of the Doha Conference, in particular the decision to operationalize the 2nd commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol albeit with low level of mitigation ambition. India hopes that the mitigation targets pledged by developed country parties under the 2nd commitment period will be revised upwards in as agreed at Doha and that 2nd commitment period will be ratified by parties as soon as possible for it to enter into force at the earliest.
India is engaging constructively in the plan of work that has been agreed for further work in under the Adhoc Working Group on Durban Platform. India believes that the remit of the Durban Platform is the enhanced implementation of the Convention in the post period, not the renegotiation or reinterpretation of its principles and provisions. India and Biodiversity India is among the top 12 mega centers of the world in terms of its bio-diversity. It has a wide range of geo-climatic conditions and a rich and varied flora and fauna, as well as a long standing tradition of environmental sensibility and concern that goes to the very roots of its millennia-old culture.
Harmony with nature has been an integral part of the ethos of Indian society. The meetings were presided over by Ms. COP to the CBD was notable for the agreement on an interim target of doubling biodiversity-related international financial resource flows to developing countries by , and at least maintaining this level until This is coupled with targets aiming to improve the robustness of baseline information as well as a preliminary reporting framework for monitoring resource mobilization.
It also mandated the setting up of an Expert Working Group to propose options for sustainable development, financing strategy and requested the UN Secretary General to identify options and make recommendations regarding a Technology Facilitation Mechanism for promoting the development, transfer and dissemination of clean and environmentally sound technologies. India participated actively in the negotiations on the format and organizational aspects of the High Level Political Forum which have now been completed.
India shares its seat with Pakistan and Sri Lanka. India has called for the SDGs to be simple to comprehend, concise and easy to implement and precise to communicate. It is important for the SDGs to place equal emphasis on each of the three pillars of sustainable development and fully respect the Rio principles. The SDGs must inter alia promote rapid and inclusive economic growth, focus on poverty eradication as the central global objective, emphasize the promotion of sustainable patterns of consumption particularly in developed countries, ensure energy access and food security in developing countries and carry forward the MDGs.
Furthermore, India calls for each of the SDGs to be accompanied by dedicated means of implementation for the developing countries. India is now keen to ensure that these mechanisms are operationalized at the earliest. As for a Technology Facilitation Mechanism, the reports of the UN Secretary General have recommended the establishment of such a mechanism under the auspices of the UN.
India strongly supports this proposal. During a series of workshops organized by the President of the General Assembly in May , India argued for a transformative and collaborative approach to resolve the technology conundrum and support the establishment of the Technology Facilitation Mechanism to overcome the fragmentation of efforts at present and to synergize global cooperation on technology under the auspices of the UN. India looks forward to participating constructively in the four one-day structured dialogues proposed to be organized during the 68th session of the General Assembly with the expectation that these dialogues will help in building consensus on the format and modalities of the TFM which can then be made operational at the earliest.
India and Post development agenda India places high importance on the adoption of a Post Development Agenda. Eradication of poverty must be the central and overarching objective of the Post Development Agenda and it must emphasize the promotion of rapid and sustained economic growth in developing countries. The unfinished task of MDGs must be carried forward in the Post development agenda, which should have a strengthened global partnership to support the efforts of developing countries.
Such a partnership should have clear goals and targets on ODA, transfer of technology, capacity building, market access, multilateral trading network, debt sustainability and financial stability. A universal agenda must mean that the Post Development Agenda should go beyond mere policy prescriptions for the South. Developed countries must also take on concrete deliverables, particularly in rationalizing their unsustainable patterns of consumption, reforming the institutions of global economic governance and providing enhanced financial and technological support to developing countries.
India and South- South Cooperation India has a unique experience in nation-building given our large, diverse and complex reality. Our approach to South-South Cooperation has been therefore to share this experience and knowledge in a spirit of solidarity with countries from the South treading similar paths of socio-economic development.
It spans the entire spectrum of human activity such as agriculture development, information technology, irrigation, aquaculture, disaster management, remote sensing, telemedicine, textile engineering, accounting and finance, clean technologies, rural development, and SMEs. We have already concluded several key developmental projects including rural electrification through solar energy systems in Guinea Bissau, improving the health infrastructure services for children in Cambodia, rehabilitation of health centers and water desalination projects in Cape Verde, capacity building projects in Sierra Leone, besides several others in Palestine, Burundi, Lao PDR and Vietnam.
We believe the first thing to do is to let it proceed and grow on the basis of its unique characteristics of national ownership and mutually agreed terms.
Looking at South-South cooperation as either permitting a dilution or substituting for North-South aid would only serve to shackle it to the detriment of developing countries. Given the vast difference in development levels between countries of the North and those from the South, it is important that South- South Cooperation is not straight-jacketed in terms of rigid rules and regulations or policy prescriptions, including those in the name of aid effectiveness.
Flexibility and adaptability is the key to the success of South-South Cooperation, they must not be compromised. India and United Nations Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding India stands solidly committed to assist the UN in the maintenance of international peace and security with a proud history of UN peacekeeping dating back its inception in the s.
India has contributed nearly , troops, the largest number from any country, participated in more than 43 missions and Indian peacekeepers have made the supreme sacrifice while serving in UN missions. In , India is the third largest troop contributor [TCC] with 7, personnel deployed with ten UN Peacekeeping Missions of which are police personnel, including the first female formed police unit under the UN.
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The high standards of performance maintained consistently by the Indian troops and policemen deployed on UN Missions, under challenging circumstances, have won them high regard worldwide. India is of the view that the international community must grasp the rapid changes that are underway in the nature and role of contemporary peacekeeping operations. It is critical that troop and police contributing countries should be fully involved at all stages and in all aspects of mission planning.
As on today there are approximately 96, personnel serving on 15 peace operations led by UNDPKO, in four continents. This represents a nine- fold increase since A total of countries have contributed military and police personnel to UN Peacekeeping. Currently, more than 82, of those serving are troops and military observers and about 12, are police personnel. Indian Contribution India has been the largest troop contributor to UN missions since inception.
So far India has taken part in 43 Peacekeeping missions with a total contribution exceeding 1,60, troops and a significant number of police personnel having been deployed. Many gallant Indian soldiers have laid their life to bring peace and harmony to the world. While serving under the blue flag, Indian soldiers have so far made the supreme sacrifice. Past Missions: The following have been the missions in which India has contributed since Korea : Paramedical Unit comprising 17 officers, 9 JCOs and other ranks was deployed to facilitate withdrawal of sick and wounded in Korea.
General K. Tasks included monitoring, ceasefire and repatriation of prisoners of war, among others. A total of officers, JCOs and other ranks were provided during the period from Over a period of 11 years, officers, JCOs and other ranks took part in the operations. A flight of six Canberra bomber aircraft of the IAF also participated in operations.
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Captain G. Cambodia UNTAC : Was set up to supervise ceasefire, disarm combatants, repatriate refugees and monitor conduct of free and fair elections. A total of , all ranks participated from Indian Army.
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In all , all ranks participated. Indian Army deployed a Brigade Group comprising all ranks and the Navy deployed four battleships. Total of , all ranks took part. The current situation in the Mission is tense and volatile due to the crises in Syria.
Army aviation contingent with utility helicopters. We have a Deputy Force Commander Brig. Sanjay Kundu there. The latest political developments in the Mission led to widespread inter-tribe violence and large displacement of locals. In the ensuing intra state conflict two Indian Peacekeepers lost their lives while ensuring protection of civilians. The current situation continues to be highly volatile and sporadic clashes between the tribes are being reported regularly.